The primary focus of this component is the development and adoption of sustainable community based resource management systems by User Groups (and Community Groups in particular). The component takes a holistic livelihoods perspective and recognizes that if systems are to be sustainable they require approaches that embrace technical, social, economic and institutional issues.
Activity 1: Establish farmer groups and identify farmer leaders willing to participate in assessment of appropriate sites for forest regeneration. With these community groups we will build on the successful community resource management initiatives of earlier and overlapping projects. Particularly activities will ensure that community forest management plans reflect community needs; developing and supporting strategies for accelerating the preparation and approval of new and revised operational plans so that Community Groups are not discouraged by lengthy delays; developing and promoting community forest fodder production strategies to enhance the integration between wood production and agricultural/pastoral activities; and strengthening the capacity to implement community resource management initiatives within the Project Sub-districts and to broaden its impact.
Activity 2: Undertake educational activities with community and farmer field schools in cooperation with the Department of Forestry (Dinas Perhutanan) having participants engaged in species selection.
Activity 3: Collect and prepare and/or seeds and seedlings.
Activity 4: Site preparation and mapping / georeferencing.
Activity 5: Determine sowing rates for target degraded areas of land, roughly 7,000 ha..
Activity 6: Manual planting and air-seeding across 7,000 hectares.
Activity 7: Establishing Monitoring and Evaluation, and follow-up programs where replanting or thinning may be required.
Activity 8: Create Agreed Guidelines for responsible selective harvesting and replacement of harvests resources..
The benefits are:
- Increased biomass to trap significant mass of atmospheric carbon.
- Creating future income streams from sustainable harvesting / logging.
- Protection of watersheds.
- Reduced erosion, loss of topsoil and siltation of rivers and lowlands.
- Ruturn to productive land use.
- Restored habitat for wildlife and threatened species; and
- Improved income potential for marginalized hill people.