This component focuses on on-farm agro-forestry activities for the Cocoa growers. These people are most often the rural poor. The component supports Indonesia’s plan for poverty reduction through agribusiness by increasing employment and income-oriented opportunities for poor and marginalized families. The component is consistent with GP’s strategy for the rural development sector and its focus on reducing poverty by increasing opportunities for the poor to generate income.
Activity 1: Conduct farm assessments in the target area for shade and integrated agro-forestry opportunities. Work will examine options available for the development of agro-forest based enterprises and where appropriate work with Community Groups to establish pilot enterprises. For new cropping (intercropping) enterprises the activity will develop of strategies to ensure that enterprise development by Community Groups is underpinned by institutional frameworks that address issues of equity and governance; undertaking market research and the development of support mechanisms for marketing and enterprise development
Activity 2: Establish nurseries and propagate suitable plants and trees for various income generating plants and trees that give shade, shelter and assist biological control of insect pests.
Activity 3: To train farmers in the best practices and ideal growing conditions for maximizing Cocoa yields and providing a healthy habitat for Cocoa trees. (This is participatory needs oriented training and socialization). The approach is again working with groups, since strengthening the technical expertise and management skills of Community Groups rather than individuals, ensures that they are better able to develop and manage commercial enterprises
Activity 4: M & E.
The benefits are:
- More non-diseased beans available for fermentation and thus achieve quality Cocoa;
- Supplementary income streams for growers (eg from minyak kayu putih)
- Higher productivity and returns to growers
- Improved ecology for sustainability
- Increased biomass to trap significant mass of atmospheric carbon.
- Farmers self sufficient for R&R